Bosnia and Herzegovina - Where History and Nature Unite

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in the Balkans, located in Southeast Europe. Its capital is Sarajevo, and it covers an area of 51,197 square kilometers. The estimated population is around 3,531,159 people according to the 2013 census.

Ethnic Composition

Bosnia and Herzegovina are administratively divided into two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska. The country is home to three main ethnic groups: Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. All inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina are referred to as Bosnians, regardless of their ethnic identity.

History of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence in the 1990s following the breakup of Yugoslavia. The country experienced internal wars and ethnic divisions during its early years of independence. After the devastating Bosnian War that lasted until 1995, the Dayton Agreement was signed, which helped achieve peace and put an end to the conflict.

Geography and Climate

Bosnia and Herzegovina boast diverse landscapes, with mountains in the central and southern regions, and flat areas in the northeastern part. The climate is continental, characterized by high temperatures in the summer and low temperatures in the winter.

General Information

  • Capital: Sarajevo
  • Currency: Bosnian Mark
  • Official Language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
  • Area: 51,197 square kilometers
  • Population: 3,531,159 people
  • Government: Parliamentary Republic
  • Independence Day: March 1, 1992
  • International Dialing Code: +387


Binary code Triple code Phone code Population
BA BIH 387 3531159


name native name Binary code Triple code
Bosnian bosanski jezik bs bos
Croatian hrvatski jezik hr hrv
Serbian српски језик sr srp


name Code symbol
Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark BAM

Some neighboring countries to Bosnia and Herzegovina