Discover Croatia's Beauty: A Mediterranean Gem of History and Nature
Tourism in Croatia is one of the country's main sources of income, with the majority of tourist attractions concentrated along the Adriatic Sea. After the Croatian War of Independence, the number of tourists doubled, reaching approximately 12 million visitors annually. Croatia is also renowned for its service industry, contributing to its robust economy, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of around 80 billion dollars in 2011. So, what do you know about Croatia?
Croatia: A Parliamentary Democratic Republic
Croatia (Hrvatska in Croatian), officially known as the Republic of Croatia, is a unified parliamentary democratic republic in Europe. Situated at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean Sea, its administrative capital is "Zagreb," while its tourist hub is "Split." Croatia is divided into 20 administrative regions beyond the capital, covering an area of 56,594 square kilometers, including both mainland and over a thousand islands. The vast majority of its 4.29 million inhabitants are Croats, and the predominant religion is Catholicism.
Tourism in Croatia: The Perfect Blend
Croatia is renowned for tourism, and its economy heavily relies on this sector. The country seamlessly blends historical and contemporary tourism, making it one of the top destinations for visitors across Europe and its residents. The government's keen interest in promoting tourism has attracted numerous tourists annually, securing Croatia's position among the top ten most visited countries in Europe.
Famous Tourist Destinations in Croatia
Dating back to the early 4th century AD, Diocletian's Palace is one of the oldest Roman palaces still standing today. This historical landmark is located in the heart of Split.
Split Archaeological Museum
This museum houses historical artifacts dating back to prehistoric times and up to the Middle Ages, making it one of Croatia's most famous tourist attractions, displaying 1,750 pieces.
Klis Fortress served as a defensive stronghold for the city of Split due to its strategic location, providing a complete view of the surrounding area from its 360-meter-high position.
Game of Thrones Museum
Opened in May 2019, the Game of Thrones Museum appeals to fans of the famous TV series, bolstering tourism in Croatia by displaying lifelike replicas from the show.
Riva Promenade hosts numerous entertainment events and festivals organized by the city of Split, making it a popular destination for locals and tourists alike.
Croatia's Historical Journey
Croatia first entered the region known as Croatia in the early 7th century AD. By the 9th century, they established a state consisting of two duchies, with "Tomislav" becoming the first king in 925, officially making Croatia a kingdom. Its golden age came during the time of Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. In 1102, it united with the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Ottoman conquest in 1527, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I from the Habsburg family as the ruler of Croatia. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was among the founders of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, as part of the State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs, and later as part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later known as Yugoslavia). Croatia declared its independence in June 1991, and fully achieved it on October 8, 1991, which led to a four-year war for its independence.
Most of Croatia falls under the influence of a warm and rainy continental climate, classified as Köppen climate. Monthly average temperatures range between -3°C (January) and 18°C (July). The coldest regions in the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar, experiencing an alpine forest climate above 1,200 meters. On the other hand, the warmest areas are along the Adriatic Sea coast, featuring a Mediterranean climate, especially in the inner part of the coast, where the sea moderates the temperature. As a result, temperature differences are more pronounced in inland regions. The lowest recorded temperature in the country was -35.5°C in February 3, 1919, in Chakovec, while the highest temperature was 42.4°C in July 5, 1950, in Karlovac.
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