Tunisia - A Charming Destination in North Africa
Tunisia is a country located in North Africa. It gained its independence in 1956, and the history of the republic begins on the 25th of July 1957, with its capital being Tunis. It is bordered by Algeria to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east, and Libya to the southeast. Tunisia covers an area of 163,610 square kilometers, and its population is approximately 13 million people.
Name and History:
The origin of the name "Tunisian Republic" goes back to its capital, Tunis. There are different opinions about the name's origin; some suggest it is of Canaanite origin and that the city was named after a god. Some Arab historians attribute the name to the Arabic verb "ansa," meaning to settle. Tunisian historian Abd al-Rahman bin Khaldun believed the name originated from the city itself and its previous urban prosperity, cultural movement, and economic activities. Roman texts also mentioned the city's name as "Tuniza" or "Tunisi."
The history of the country is believed to date back to around 10,000 to 6,000 years ago when excavations in various areas of the country revealed the existence of the "Capsian culture." This was followed by the Tomid period and the Phoenician or Carthaginian period, which ended in 146 BCE. Then came the Roman era, which ended with Islamic and Ottoman conquests, followed by the rule of the Deys from 1591 to the mid-17th century. This was succeeded by the rule of the Husainid Beys from 1705 until the establishment of the republic in 1957, with French occupation occurring between 1881 and 1956.
Tunisia has a Mediterranean climate with influences from the Mediterranean Sea. During the summer, temperatures range from 25 to 44 degrees Celsius, characterized by hot and dry weather. In winter, temperatures range from 4 to 15 degrees Celsius, forming a mild climate with varying levels of winter rainfall.
Official Language: Arabic
Currency: Tunisian Dinar
Location: North Africa
Area: 163,610 square kilometers
Population: Approximately 13 million people
International Dialing Code: +216
|Binary code||Triple code||Phone code||Population|
|name||native name||Binary code||Triple code|